On Sept. 23, 1960, John Steinbeck and his faithful French-born poodle Charley left Sag Harbor, N.Y., and began the road trip that would become “Travels With Charley in Search of America,” one of the best-selling nonfiction books of 1962.9780143107002L

As I discovered in 2010, Steinbeck’s beloved, iconic road book, which turned 50 on July 27, is not a work of nonfiction. It is a highly fictionalized and dishonest account of his actual trip, who he traveled with and what he really thought about the America he found.

On Sept. 25 Penguin Group will release a 50th anniversary edition of the book, which it describes on its web site as:

“At age fifty-eight, John Steinbeck and his poodle, Charley, embarked on a journey across America. This chronicle of their trip meanders from small towns to growing cities to glorious wilderness oases. Still evocative and awe-inspiring after fifty years, Travels with Charley in Search of America provides an intimate look at one of America’s most beloved writers in the later years of his life—a self-portrait of a man who never wrote an explicit autobiography. Written during a time of upheaval and racial tension in the South—which Steinbeck witnessed firsthand—Travels with Charley is a stunning evocation of America on the eve of a tumultuous decade.”

Considering the true nature of Steinbeck’s trip, that’s a disingenuous and overly generous description of a multi-flawed book that never deserved its nonfiction designation and has been outed as a 50-year-old literary fraud.

In an email a few weeks ago I asked if the Penguin Group had “an official response to my discovery that ‘Charley,’ though marketed and reviewed and taught as a nonfiction account of Steinbeck’s 1960 trip, is heavily fictionalized?”

The company’s PR department in New York declined to comment.

Penguin, which for obvious reasons is not interested in helping me find more smoking guns, also told me that the company does not have Vikings’ old “Travels With Charley” files “on site” and that they are probably with Steinbeck’s estate. Perhaps future scholars will want to study them.


You can read about how I stumbled upon the truth about Steinbeck’s last major work in “Sorry, Charley” in the Post-Gazette or the April 2011 issue of Reason magazine. At Reason.com you also can read “Whitewashing John Steinbeck,” which for the first time publicly revealed a highly X-rated paragraph of filthy language that was cut from the original manuscript of “Charley” in 1962.


Meanwhile, if you can read Dutch, you can order Geert Mak’s new book “Traveling Without John in Search of America.” Mak, a well-known journalist and author in the Netherlands, did what I did and carefully repeated Steinbeck’s trip in the fall of 2010.

Mak did a lot of the same research I did and his nearly 600-page book includes much of what I discovered about Steinbeck’s real trip and how Steinbeck’s original manuscript was edited to hide the fact that he traveled in luxury and did not travel alone.

Here, translated by Google’s clever but imperfect computers, is how the book is described on Mak’s web site:

Travelling without John

Looking for America

On September 23, 1960 left the legendary writer John Steinbeck and his poodle Charley for an expedition across the American continent. He wanted his country and his countrymen again know. Exactly fifty years later, on the hour, was Geert Mak again for the old house of Steinbeck. It was the beginning of a renewed inspection tour in the footsteps of Charley and John, but now with the eyes of 2010. What is the past half century in American cities and towns changed? Where is Main Street USA go?

Which dreams chased the Americans over the centuries their ideals? What is it ended? What remains of that “city on the hill”, the Promised Land which was once the world looked? And above all, what we have together, America and Europe in the 21st century?

Geert Mak avoided, like John Steinbeck, the beaten path. He drove thousands of miles through the potato fields of Maine and the infinity of the Midwest, sat day after day at the table with farmers, laborers, fishermen and schoolmasters, met with shiny suburbs and boarded-up village shops, searched, again and again, to the stories of this country which nobody ever gets finished.

2 Responses to The ‘Travels with Charley’ Fraud Still Sells

  1. Jim Stedman says:

    In the 1960s, my grandfather (an assistant editor with the St Paul Pioner Press, and former Rooselvelt Admin. speechwriter… when the prez needed something regarding agriculture) wrote to Steinbeck regarding a passage in TWC. Steinbeck mentions sleeping under the sycamores in Enderlin, ND… and Grandad’s contention was that were no sycamores in Enderlin (“too far north!). He received a note back from John, who stood corrected (unapologetically) regarding his account of things in Enderlin.

  2. Stefaan Hublou S. says:

    Hello Bill. I am a Belgian, and Dutch is my mother tongue, so I read the whole book by Mak and I am acquainted with your quest, since Mak refers on several occasions to it. Since my father left our family in ’62 from Leuven, Belgium, to try and find a better life in the USA, the main impression, the overall emotion after reading “Reizen zonder John”, was disappointment and anger: Mak brings a very black, a very negative image of your country. The book is well written and full of interesting details and stories, but it is also a chain of scandals, bad situations (like racism and discrimination), poor infrastructure, corrupt and gridlocked politics, etc. Geert Mak does not make mentions of the splendor of USA nature, (he seems more interested in the dead corpses of wild animals along the road!), he does not pay any attention to “dream factory” Hollywood, spends only one line on American music, and so on. The image is very one sided, very gloomy. I hope to be able to read in the coming years a book that is as well written on America, that is paying due honor to the dynamism, the beauty, the enthusiasm, the virtues (like solidarity after Sandy) that citizens show. Kind regards, Stefaan Hublou Solfrian, Leuven, B.